Worried over Willy's state of mind and recent car accident, his wife Linda suggests that he ask his boss Howard Wagner to allow him to work in his home city so he will not have to travel.
Capitalism, consumerism, American dream are interlinked ideas and each of the later idea occurs as the former happens. To make success the former the later is planned and implemented by the help of politicians, media etc. Miller is acknowledging the Americans that they are in illusion and the dream is fake resulting various social problems and even termination like Willy.
After three phases, Capitalism reaches at American shore not before wholly. Wholehearted American industrialization begins after this though first phase started around Productivity was not very much but after the American Industrialization it got a sudden acceleration.
However, high productivity was not totally fruitful due to low wages resulting low consumption. Businessmen like Henry Ford changed the idea and increased wages to hike consumption.
This idea worked and thus idea of consumerism came. Consumerism is used to describe the tendency of people to identify strongly with products or services they consume, especially those with commercial brand names and perceived status-symbolism appeal, e. A culture that is permeated by consumerism can be referred to as a consumer culture or a market culture.
Consumerism can take extreme forms such that consumers sacrifice significant time and income not only to purchase but also to actively support a certain firm or brand. In another way, consumerism is a social and economic order that encourages the purchase of goods and services in ever-greater amounts.
In economics consumerism refers to economic policies placing emphasis on consumption. In an abstract sense, it is the belief that the free choice of consumers should dictate the economic structure of a society compare producers especially in the British sense of the term.
Opponents of consumerism argue that many luxuries and unnecessary consumer products may act as social mechanism allowing people to identify like-minded individuals through the display of similar products, again utilizing aspects of status-symbolism to judge socioeconomic status and social condition.
Some people believe relationships with a product or brand name are substitutes for healthy human relationships lacking in societies and along with consumerism, create a cultural hegemony and are part of a general process of social control in modern society.
Other researchers argue that the struggle for symbols of social distinction promoted by consumer culture creates narcissistic, hostile relations between individuals, which can be criminogenic in locations where consumer products are difficult to acquire, or where individuals simply see no limit to their acquisition.
The American Dream is a national ethos of the United States, a set of ideals in which freedom includes the opportunity for prosperity and success, and an upward social mobility achieved through hard work. In the United States, home ownership is sometimes used as a proxy for achieving the promised prosperity; ownership has been a status symbol separating the middle classes from the poor.
The traditional cultural values of Western society today are degenerating under the influences of the power of corporate politics, the commercialization of our culture and the impact of mass media.
Our society is merely beginning to awaken from its fascination with television entertainment to find itself stripped of the traditions we once held dear.
We are finding ourselves controlled by an oppressive power structure and bound to the credit card bills that symbolize a defunct American dream. What is worse is that we see the actual problem as our only way out. The problem of consumerism bothers us, though we do not actually know why or how.
Social class is a major factor in Death of a Salesman. Willy is a salesman. At one point, he defends Biff for stealing just because he was an amazing football player. What is he stealing?
Why is he stealing? What did I tell him? As a salesman, Willy was a failure and he tried desperately to make his sons never end up like him. As a result, he loses his mind and his grasp on reality.
Throughout the story, Willy often has flashbacks of the conversations that he and his brother Ben once had and the author intertwines them in past and present very nicely.
As Willy and Charley are playing a game of cards, Willy has a flashback of him and Ben and Charley becomes completely confused, believing that Willy is speaking. As a character, Ben represents the opportunity that Willy did not take and all the fortune that he missed.The character of Willy is a depiction of a common man living in America who undergoes conflict in deciding whether the way is an illusion or the goal that should have been achieved.
At the end one could conclude that Willy Lomans was a tragic character in Arthur’s play. Arthur Miller uses the theme of reality verses illusion throughout the play, Death of a Salesman.
Willy Loman is blinded by the illusion that he and his boys are successful men with great potential. He fails to see the reality of his failures in life as a father and a businessman.
We will write a custom essay sample on The American Dream in Death of a Salesman specifically for you for only $ $/page. Realtiy vs Illusion. Willy has dreams of material success, notoriety and has a misguided notion of the American Dream.
Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller ;.